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Rman常用命令
2017-02-23 15:36:17   来源:   评论:0 点击: 收藏

1、SHOW命令: 显示rman配置: RMAN> show all;2、REPORT命令: 2 1、RMAN> report schema 报告目标数据库的物理结构; 2 2、RMAN>
1、SHOW命令:
   显示rman配置: RMAN> show all;

2、REPORT命令:
   2.1、RMAN> report schema                        报告目标数据库的物理结构;
   2.2、RMAN>report need backup days=3;            报告最近3天没有被备份的数据文件;
   2.3、RMAN> report need backup days 3 tablespace users;   在USERS表空间上3天未备份的数据文件;
   2.4、RMAN> report need backup incremental 3;    报告恢复数据文件需要的增量备份个数超过3次的数据文件;
   2.5、RMAN> report need backup redundancy 2 database;           报告备份文件低于2份的所有数据文件;
        RMAN>report need backup redundancy=2;
   2.6、RMAN> report need backup recovery window of 6 days;    报告文件报表的恢复需要超过6天的归档日志的数据文件;
   2.7、RMAN> report unrecoverable;      报告数据库所有不可恢复的数据文件;
   2.8、RMAN> report obsolete redunndancy 2; 报告备份次数超过2次的陈旧备份;
   2.9、RMAN>report obsolete;          报告多余的备份;

3、LIST命令:列出备份信息
   3.1、列出数据文件备份集
        RMAN>list backup         列出详细备份;
        RMAN>list expired backup     列出过期备份;
        RMAN> list backup of database;     列出所有数据文件的备份集;
        RMAN> list backup of tablespace user01; 列出特定表空间的所有数据文件备份集;
   3.2、RMAN> list backup of controlfile     列出控制文件备份集;
   3.3、RMAN> list backup of archivelog all      列出归档日志备份集详细信息;
        RMAN>list archivelog all;      列出归档日志备份集简要信息
   3.4、RMAN> list backup of spfile              列出SPFILE备份集;
   3.5、RMAN> list copy of datafile 5        列出数据文件映像副本;
   3.6、RMAN> list copy of controlfile           列出控制文件映像副本;
   3.7、RMAN> list copy of archivelog all    列出归档日志映像副本;
   3.8、RMAN> list incarnation of database       列出对应物/列出数据库副本;
   3.9、RMAN>list backup summary;    概述可用的备份;
                B表示backup
                F表示FULL
                A表示archive log
                0 1表示incremental backup
                S说明备份状态(A AVAILABLE   X EXPIRED )
    
   3.10、RMAN>list backup by file    按备份类型列出备份;
                    按照数据文件备份,归档日志备份,控制文件备份,服务器参数文件备份 列出

4、CROSSCHECK命令:校验备份信息
   4.1、RMAN> crosscheck backup             核对所有备份集;  
   4.2、RMAN> crosscheck backup of database      核对所有数据文件的备份集;  
   4.3、RMAN> crosscheck backup of tablespace users      核对特定表空间的备份集;  
   4.4、RMAN> crosscheck backup of datafile 4    核对特定数据文件的备份集;  
   4.5、RMAN> crosscheck backup of controlfile   核对控制文件的备份集;  
   4.6、RMAN> crosscheck backup of spfile    核对SPFILE的备份集;  
   4.7、RMAN> crosscheck backup of archivelog sequence 3 核对归档日志的备份集;  
   4.8、RMAN> crosscheck copy               核对所有映像副本;  
   4.9、RMAN> crosscheck copy of database       核对所有数据文件的映像副本;  
   4.10、RMAN> crosscheck copy of tablespace users       核对特定表空间的映像副本;  
   4.11、RMAN> crosscheck copy of datafile 6        核对特定数据文件的映像副本;  
   4.12、RMAN> crosscheck copy of archivelog sequence 4  核对归档日志的映像副本;  
   4.13、RMAN> crosscheck copy of controlfile       核对控制文件的映像副本; 
   4.14、RMAN> crosscheck backup tag='SAT_BACKUP';
   4.15、RMAN> crosscheck backup completed after 'sysdate - 2'
   4.16、RMAN> crosscheck backup completed between 'sysdate - 5' and 'sysdate -2 '
   4.17、RMAN> crosscheck backup device type sBT;
   4.18、RMAN> crosscheck archivelog all;
   4.19、RMAN> crosscheck archivelog like '%ARC00012.001'
   4.20、RMAN> crosscheck archivelog from sequence 12;
   4.21、RMAN> crosscheck archivelog until sequence 522;

5、DELETE:删除备份
   5.1、RMAN> delete obsolete;      删除陈旧备份;
   5.2、RMAN> delete expired backup; 删除EXPIRED备份    
   5.3、RMAN> delete expired copy;   删除EXPIRED副本;
   5.4、RMAN> delete backupset 19;   删除特定备份集;
   5.5、RMAN> delete backuppiece ''d:\backup\DEMO_19.bak''   删除特定备份片;
   5.6、RMAN> delete backup      删除所有备份集;


  
  5.7、RMAN> delete datafilecopy ''d:\backup\DEMO_19.bak''  删除特定映像副本;
   5.8、RMAN> delete copy   删除所有映像副本;
   5.9、RMAN> delete archivelog all delete input;
        RMAN> delete backupset 22 format = ''d:\backup\%u.bak'' delete input
                       在备份后删除输入对象;
   5.10、RMAN> delete backupset id; 删除备份集

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